Joint restoration: medicines and folk remedies against wear, for regeneration
Age, stressful lifestyle, intense exercise are the main causes of the destruction of cartilage and bone tissue. Long-term restoration of the joints is required when the cartilage is worn out as a result of diseases, with age. It is necessary to help the natural ability to regenerate tissues.
The content of the article
- 1 Joint wear
- 2 Medications
- 3 Folk methods of treatment
- 4 Operation
- 5 Prevention recommendations
The bones at the movable joints are covered with hyaline cartilage and synovial fluid. Wear and tear of the joints - erasure and gradual destruction of the protective cartilage layer. How to restore the joints, in the first place, the functions of the cartilage? It will require long-term conservative therapy and neutralization of the action of harmful conditions.
The following factors provoke the destruction of cartilage and bones:
- inflammatory and degenerative diseases;
- deficiency of vitamins and minerals;
- lack of physical activity;
- age-related tissue changes;
- autoimmune processes;
- intense loads;
Such situations are difficult to prevent. It is possible to reduce their influence in order to avoid further destruction of the articular surfaces, to create conditions for tissue repair. At the same time, you need to get rid of the discomfort that worsens the quality of life.
Joint pain is felt in the following diseases:
- rheumatoid arthritis - damage and destruction of the cells of their own immune system;
- bursitis - inflammation of the soft tissues around the joint;
- gout - the deposition of uric acid crystals;
- osteoarthritis - wear of the articular surfaces.
Cartilage cells or chondrocytes normally form an intercellular substance. Cartilage tissue is synthesized from it. The functions of chondrocytes weaken with age and with diseases of the joints. The choice of recovery methods depends on the degree of destruction. First, a diagnosis of joint damage (tomography, arthroscopic examination) is required.
Conservative therapy consists in taking drugs to restore the joints, using the means and methods of alternative medicine, folk recipes. You will need to follow a diet, conduct medical and wellness procedures. Let's analyze the therapeutic effect and the use of drugs.
Articular surfaces do not contain vessels, metabolism is slow. Therefore, cartilage restoration is a long process. Chondroprotective properties have chondroitin and glucosamine. Drugs inhibit degenerative processes, contribute to the restoration of joints and ligaments.
Therapeutic effect of chondroprotectors:
- stimulate the formation of connective tissue, the production of a matrix for cartilage regeneration;
- normalize the amount and viscosity of the joint fluid;
- maintain sliding surfaces;
- restore the articular bag.
Chondroitin inhibits the activity of enzymes that accelerate the destruction of cartilage. The drug stimulates the regeneration of rubbing surfaces in the joint bag, normalizes the production of joint fluid, reduces the intensity of pain and inflammation.
List of drugs with chondroitin:
Glucosamine is also necessary for the construction of cartilage, additionally involved in the formation of tendons, connective tissue of the joints, intra-articular fluid. Trade names of drugs: Glucosamine: Artron, Dona, Glucosamine maximum.
Combined agents (chondroitin sulfate + glucosamine):
Teraflex advance is a combination of 3 active substances. Contains chondroitin sulfate, glucosamine, ibuprofen. When treating with a combination drug, there is no need to take an analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent separately.
Chondroprotectors, unlike other drug groups, affect the cause of the disease. The use in the initial stage of joint destruction helps to slow down the wear of cartilage, strengthen it and partially regenerate it. The positive effect begins to be felt after 2-4 weeks. The duration of the course of therapy is from 6 months to a year.
After 2-4 courses, metabolism improves, joint mobility increases. In advanced cases, with significant wear, surgical intervention will be required. The operation is performed to restore the anatomical structures and functions of the joint.
Substitute for intra-articular fluid, is part of the preparations Synocrom, Gialur, Fermatron. This is a "lubrication" for the joints, a means to maintain the elasticity of the cartilage, to ensure the free movement of rubbing surfaces.
With age, the production of hyaluronic acid in the body decreases. An additional introduction improves the composition of the synovial fluid, restores lubricating, shock-absorbing and filtering properties. Hyaluronic acid has an anti-inflammatory effect.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and hormonal drugs
Medicines of these groups are designed to reduce pain, inflammation during exacerbation of rheumatic diseases. Treatment effect: analgesic, anti-inflammatory. Long-term use of NSAIDs is undesirable due to the negative impact on the gastrointestinal tract.
Active ingredients of nonsteroidal drugs:
- acetylsalicylic acid;
Prednisolone, Dexamethasone - glucocorticosteroid drugs (GCS). Hormonal drugs quickly relieve inflammation and pain. One treatment option is to inject corticosteroids directly into the affected joint. The effect and tolerability of the injection is better than the tablets.
The use of GCS requires great caution. Side effects of treatment: bone loss (osteoporosis), increased blood pressure and blood sugar, weight gain.
Muscle relaxant drugs relieve pain and spasm in arthrosis and other diseases that are accompanied by disorders in the processes in the joints and nerves. The means of this group reduce pathologically high muscle tone, eliminate joint stiffness.
Trade names of drugs:
- Tolperisone- OBL.
- Calmirex tabs.
Medicines from the list increase the analgesic effect, allow you to reduce doses and reduce the duration of the course of NSAID treatment. Muscle relaxants do not have the negative effect of the latter. Long-term use for treatment is allowed.
Means of complex composition: vitamin and mineral complexes, dietary supplements
Preparations containing vitamins E, C, D, B12, A are necessary for the normal functioning of the body, including joints, the entire musculoskeletal system. Complex means supplement macro- and microelements: calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron.
Artrocin is a bioactive supplement containing chondroitin, glucosamine, dihydroquercetin, vitamins E and C, plant extracts (horsetail, dandelion root, white willow bark). The dietary supplement Inoltra includes chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine, vitamins C and E, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Preparations of a complex composition have an anti-inflammatory, analgesic effect, improve processes in the articular tissues.
External remedies can relieve discomfort in the affected joint for a short time. Such treatment does not guarantee the elimination of the cause of the disease. Ointments penetrate deeper, creams have a light consistency, are better distributed over the surface of the skin. Gels occupy an intermediate position, combining the best qualities of ointments and creams.
Means for external use contain chondroprotectors or NSAIDs, or belong to the group of combined drugs. The latter are the most efficient. Treatment is long, but less harmful to the gastrointestinal tract, liver.
List of drugs for external use:
- Chondroxide forte (combined);
- Chondroxide max.
- Collagen Ultra Gel.
Gels and ointments with NSAIDs are used for analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects. After applying such drugs, the pain subsides, swelling decreases, and joint mobility increases.
External preparations with NSAIDs:
Ointments, gels and creams do not cure the disease, they only alleviate the condition of the affected joint. The advantage of this group of drugs is the ability to use them to reduce the use of tablets, the number of injections of drugs.
Folk methods of treatment
The use of folk recipes is a variant of mild, gentle therapy. Fewer side effects occur, but long-term treatment is required. Restoring joints with folk remedies activates the body's ability to regenerate, self-heal.
A simple folk remedy is chicken cartilage. Clean and boil chicken legs. Then the cartilage is separated and ground. Take on an empty stomach 1 dessert spoon daily.
A folk remedy is prepared from 1 tbsp. l. dry gelatin powder. Pour cold water, leave overnight. In the morning, the frozen mass is diluted with water (200 ml), taken orally.
Use plants that have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and tonic properties. Suitable for the preparation of infusions and decoctions taken orally, centaury, amaranth, ginseng, willow bark, pine cones and buds. Treatment is long, intermittent. The course lasts 1 month, break - from 1 to 2 weeks. It is advisable to change the means, the components of the collection.
Be sure to use rubbing, compresses, applications and baths for pain in the joints. Prepare tinctures of various natural substances in vodka, moonshine, ethanol. Cooking recipes have a lot in common. Fill the container with crushed raw materials by 2/3, fill it with an aqueous solution of ethanol (40–60%). Withstand 2-3 weeks, shake daily. Filter, use to rub diseased joints.
Herbal raw materials for medicinal tinctures:
- marsh cinquefoil;
- red pepper;
- St. John's wort;
Injuries are common causes of serious joint diseases, accelerating their destruction. Herbal remedies, alternative medicine methods, procedures are used to rehabilitate the elbow joint after dislocation. If nothing is done, then the cartilage tissue will begin to wear out faster.
The following procedures contribute to the restoration of cartilage in the joints and rehabilitation after injuries:
- Reflexology is the impact on the active points of the body with the help of special needles, pressure, heat to stimulate the body's own resources.
- Mud applications.
- Hirudotherapy - treatment with medical leeches, whose saliva stimulates blood circulation, eliminates blood clots.
- Thalassotherapy is the use of marine resources (salt water, algae) for healing the body.
With physical and manual therapy, joint mobility improves, muscles become stronger. Massage, infrared radiation have an analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. At home, simple warming procedures are available using bags filled with powders from hay, herbs, small grains (millet) heated in the oven.
When medical therapy and procedures are ineffective, the doctor decides on the need for surgical intervention. There are several options, for example: arthroplasty, endoprosthetics. The first technique is to remove damaged tissues, clean healthy surfaces.
Endoprosthetics - the installation of a prosthesis in place of a worn joint of bones. More often than others, large joints are replaced: hip, knee. After surgery, temporary immobilization is required. Further rehabilitation after joint replacement is carried out according to a scheme that has much in common with conservative therapy. They use medicines, procedures, exercise therapy exercises.
A progressive disease of the joint affects all its structures. It is extremely difficult to stop and reverse these processes. It is better to take care of the preservation of the joints in advance.
Prevention of diseases of the musculoskeletal system contribute to:
- physical activity corresponding to the age and capabilities of the body;
- timely treatment of infectious diseases;
- taking vitamin and mineral complexes;
- the use of chondroprotectors;
- rejection of bad habits;
- balanced diet.
Almost the entire variety of joint treatment methods and recovery methods is presented in the video: “Joints hurt. How to restore cartilage.
Degenerative processes in the joints can be suspended, slowed down. The use of drugs, procedures, folk remedies helps to delay the progression of the disease, relieve pain, and preserve joint function. Movement will no longer bring discomfort, the quality of life will be restored and improved.