Diet after gallbladder removal

Diet after cholecystectomy is an important aspect leading to a speedy recovery of the patient. Since the remote organ participated in digestion: it activated the work of the stomach, helped the absorption of proteins and fats, removed bile, its absence will greatly distort the usual gastronomic addictions. The emphasis in the menu after removal of the gallbladder is on food rich in fiber and carbohydrates, but low in fat.

A few cooking rules

The diet after removal of the gallbladder is a complex of proper nutrition and compliance with certain rules. Thanks to them, new food will not overload the stomach, it will be better absorbed and will have a positive effect on the dynamics of recovery.

  1. The main methods of cooking are: baking, stewing, boiling and steaming.
  2. At the first time of the postoperative period (up to a year), it is necessary to refuse salty, fried, smoked, fatty foods.
  3. All prepared food must be kneaded, wiped or crushed with a blender.
  4. The regularity of nutrition after removal should be at least 5-7 times a day. The last meal is no later than 19:00.
  5. Each serving is not more than 200 grams. For a better calculation, the "rule of the hand" is used, when the size of certain dishes is equal to the fist, palm, phalanx of the finger, etc.

Compliance with the drinking regime is maintained.

Advantages and disadvantages of the diet

For many patients, changing their diet after surgery is not an easy thing to do, as it involves giving up their favorite treats. However, after weighing all the pros and cons, it becomes clear that the diet after gallbladder surgery will not only shorten the rehabilitation time. Its positive points are as follows:

  • the process of bile formation and its excretion improves;
  • go extra pounds;
  • consumed products are balanced in terms of the number of necessary elements;
  • The cost of food is absolutely not expensive.

There are also disadvantages:

  • it takes a long time to get used to new dishes;
  • the period of adherence to the diet from several months to several years (in some cases);
  • have to spend more time cooking;
  • diet must be followed.

As many patients note, the most difficult thing is getting used to new dishes that are practically devoid of salt and spices.

Related activities

Nutrition after cholecystectomy is one of the active measures in the postoperative period. However, its effectiveness is improved by other related actions:

  • moderate or light physical activity in the form of daily walking, gymnastics;
  • Spa treatment;
  • physiotherapy;
  • in case of constipation after the operation, it is recommended to introduce into the daily menu 7-9 pieces of prunes, previously soaked in water for several hours.

The main condition is not to overload the operated body with heavy physical exertion.

Acceptable Foods

Nutrition after surgery, although it changes, still remains balanced. Even small portions lead to saturation of the body, which is important in the recovery process. What can you eat after gallbladder removal?

  • all types of lean meat: chicken, turkey, rabbit, veal;
  • low-fat varieties of fish;
  • egg whites;
  • milk: goat's milk, kefir and yogurt fat-free or low in fat;
  • butter;
  • cereals: hercules, buckwheat, rice and barley;
  • light vegetable soups;
  • berries;
  • dried fruits;
  • vegetable stew;
  • jelly;
  • natural marshmallows, marshmallows and fruit jelly;
  • what fruits are allowed: melon and watermelon in priority, citrus fruits are prohibited.

It is allowed to eat fresh only berries (strawberries, cherries and cherries, blueberries). Any acceptable vegetables and some fruits in the diet after laparoscopy must be thermally processed.

The introduction of new, or rather previously familiar products into the diet should be carried out gradually, infrequently and in small portions. If after eating them there is pain or discomfort in the epigastric region, then in the future this food should be excluded either for some time, and possibly forever.

Prohibited Products

What can not be eaten after removal of the gall? This:

  • fatty foods: pork, lamb, lard;
  • spicy, overly salty and spicy food;
  • smoked meats;
  • canned and pickled;
  • vegetable oil and products with a high content of it;
  • mushrooms;
  • nuts and seeds;
  • various pastries, muffins;
  • sauerkraut;
  • radish and radish;
  • ice cream, ice in drinks and any other cold dishes;
  • caffeinated drinks;
  • alcohol;
  • chocolate and other cocoa-containing products.

The presented products after removal of the gallbladder cause heaviness in the stomach, abdominal cramps, long digestion and the formation of blockage of the bile ducts. A strict ban on the submitted list was imposed during the six months of the rehabilitation period. If the dynamics of recovery is positive, then it is allowed to gradually add them to the general diet. Although their complete exclusion promises a positive functioning of the whole organism.

What are the risks of not following the diet?

Ignoring the postoperative diet will negatively affect the state of the body and the well-being of the negligent patient. Eating fatty and forbidden foods will provoke a re-blockage of gallstones, but already in the ducts.

In addition, malnutrition will lead to problems with other digestive organs: stomach, intestines, esophagus. The violation is not only in the use of junk food, but also overeating.

Particularly attentive to their diet should be those who have undergone surgery due to calculous cholecystitis.

Nutrition menu in the hospital after surgery

Feeding patients in the hospital is provided after any type of cholecystectomy: abdominal or laparoscopy. The difference is that the second version of the operation is more gentle, which means that the diet after laparoscopy will not be so strict.

No matter how the organ is removed, the patient's nutrition begins on the second day after the operation. First, the operated person recovers from anesthesia: the first 5 hours you can neither get up nor drink. From the morning of the second day, the diet consists of drinking water, which is allowed to be consumed in small sips every 20 minutes.

From the second day, you can start a gradual meal. The diet of the first days consists exclusively of liquid food:

  • low-fat kefir;
  • oatmeal;
  • light soups.

At the same time, the drinking regime stabilizes, that is, 1.5-2 liters per day. This is necessary both to maintain the body and to dilute bile. During the first 7 days, a moratorium was imposed on the use of products from the list:

  • roast;
  • smoked meats;
  • heavily salted, spicy and pickled;
  • coffee and caffeinated drinks;
  • alcohol;
  • strong tea;
  • soda;
  • sweet confectionery and chocolate.

The diet after removal of the bladder in the first days is represented by low-fat milk, buckwheat and oatmeal, mashed potatoes on water, small portions of lean meat and baked vegetables.

Diet allowed 7 days after cholecystectomy

After being discharged from the hospital, the patient switches to independent nutrition, which must be accompanied by the rules presented earlier. Be sure to observe the drinking regimen. In addition to pure water, with the permission of a doctor, the following are allowed:

  • mineral water;
  • rosehip infusion;
  • sterilized juices with pulp.

And what you can eat after removal of the gallbladder is written in the menu "Table No. 1". It is appointed after 7 days of the postoperative period. Examples of dishes that form "Table No. 1":

  1. Cottage cheese casserole.
  2. Buckwheat and oatmeal porridge, boiled in water and without salt.
  3. Soup milk vermicelli.
  4. Adyghe cheese.
  5. Yogurt without additives and fat-free kefir.
  6. Steamed egg white omelet.

But from rye bread, fresh berries, fruits and vegetables, you must refrain.

On the 7th day after cholecystectomy, a smooth transition occurs between the sparing hospital (5a) menu and the less conservative (5b). To understand their differences, let's look at examples of each.

What can you eat after laparoscopy with a 5a diet (daily diet):

  1. Breakfast 1st: steamed egg white omelet; liquid oatmeal on water with the addition of oil and milk in small quantities, tea with a slice of lemon.
  2. Breakfast 2: fat-free cottage cheese and a weak rosehip broth.
  3. For lunch: steamed or boiled lean meat, liquid semolina soup, rosehip broth.
  4. Dinner: buckwheat porridge with a piece of butter, boiled low-fat fish and weak tea.
  5. Late dinner: rosehip tea and unsweetened fruit jelly.

The menu has a limit on sugar - 40 grams, and butter - 20 grams.

Diet for gallbladder removal after category 5b surgery:

  1. Breakfast 1st: protein steam omelette, milk rice porridge and sweet weak tea.
  2. Breakfast 2: 1 baked apple, cottage cheese omelet with low-fat cream and weak rosehip broth.
  3. Lunch: steamed beef or poultry cutlets, mashed vegetable soup, water mashed potatoes and unsweetened fruit jelly.
  4. Afternoon snack: fruit juice and a small piece of boiled chicken.
  5. Dinner: liquid oatmeal porridge, boiled fish and tea with milk.

60 grams of sugar, 20 grams of butter and 100 grams of white bread crackers are allowed for consumption.

Diet after 30 days

The postoperative diet is somewhat modified after a month after the removal of the gallbladder. Although all kinds of fresh fruits and vegetables are still not allowed. These products provoke the secretion of bile in large quantities.

It is very important to stick to the prescribed diet for the entire 30 days after cholecystectomy. It is during this period that the diet mainly affects the entire healing process. Yielding to temptation and eating something forbidden means putting your body at serious risk and prolonging the diet indefinitely.

What to eat after the removal of the gallbladder after the advent of the month?

  1. Breakfast: milk semolina, steam omelet, fat-free cottage cheese, unsweetened tea or rosehip broth.
  2. Lunch time: vegetable soup, a piece of lean meat, carrot puree, fruit jelly.
  3. Afternoon snack: baked apples.
  4. Dinner: mashed potatoes on the water and boiled fish, tea.
  5. Before going to bed: fat-free kefir or jelly.

At this time, let's say white bread, but not more than 200 grams per day, and 30 grams of sugar. Dishes after removal of the gallbladder should not be cold. They must be consumed warm. Spices should be avoided. Only salt is allowed and in small quantities.

Fried, fatty, smoked, spicy and alcohol are still taboo. In addition, smokers are strongly advised to give up cigarettes.

The presented menu of the first month belongs to the category 5a diet. The number 5 means that: all food has a reduced chemical and mechanical effect on the digestive tract. All dishes must be stewed, boiled or steamed.

If the patient has side effects after the 5a diet: diarrhea, bloating, pain in the hypochondrium, then he is transferred to an even more gentle diet - 5a. Nutrition after removal of the gallbladder for the first month can be formed individually by the doctor, based on the condition of the operated person.

What food is allowed after six months

For 6 months after cholecystectomy, not only the patient's condition changes, but also his nutrition. At this time, the operated person almost completely returns to the usual mode, and his menu is enriched with familiar dishes, although proper nutrition still prevails.

The diet after surgery six months later is based on the following recommendations:

  1. There is a restriction in fatty foods, both vegetable and animal fat.
  2. The fragmentation of nutrition is preserved: 5-7 times a day with a two-hour break.
  3. Grinding food is no longer necessary, but it is necessary to chew thoroughly.
  4. Nutrition after a year should be boiled, baked and stewed, mainly.
  5. Final meal 3 hours before bedtime.
  6. Food must be warm.
  7. The drinking regime is preserved.

Eating after removal after six months involves the introduction of fresh apples (no more than 1 per day).

Nutrition after a year

After the advent of the year, when the gallbladder was removed, the diet after the operation changes significantly. During this time, the patient undergoes a complete recovery, if he followed all the doctor's prescriptions and dispensed with junk food.

A year later, it is necessary to undergo a second examination with a doctor to ensure full recovery. And after that, form your further menu: either leave it the same (correct) or partially return to the past: what was before the operation. The key word is "partly". It should be understood that the menu after the operation will no longer be 100% the same.

Acceptable Meal Recipes

Next, we present recipes for dietary dishes after removal of the gallbladder, which are allowed to be prepared during the rehabilitation period. They are simple and tasteful. Over time, they can be seasoned with salt and spices, which will only improve their taste.

Sea bass boiled

Boiled sea bass with a diet after removal of the gallbladder is a valuable product with a high protein content. It can be included in the diet from the second week of rehabilitation.

Peel the carcass of the fish, gut and cook for 15 minutes in water with chopped parsley and carrots.

Milk buckwheat soup

Buckwheat soup will solve the question of how to eat right after cholecystectomy already in the first week of rehabilitation. Bring 30 grams of washed buckwheat to a boil in water. Then add 250 ml of milk and a third of a teaspoon of sugar. Bring to readiness. Add a small cube of butter to the finished soup.


One of the recipes that is allowed after six months from the date of the operation is beetroot. For cooking: beets, 100 grams of fresh cucumbers, a quarter of a boiled egg, 5 grams of sugar, dill, tbsp. sour cream with low fat content and 300 ml of beetroot broth. Cool the boiled beets and cut into strips, chop the cucumbers, finely chop the egg. Send all the ingredients to the beet broth and season with sugar.

Oatmeal soup with vegetables

A good option for how to eat after gallbladder removal is “Oatmeal and Vegetable Soup”: you will need potato tubers, carrots, zucchini, oatmeal for cooking or instant cooking, butter, salt. Cook vegetables, and then add oatmeal and salt to them.

Meat omelette

Steam omelette with meat in the diet menu after surgery is allowed after a month of rehabilitation. For cooking: milk, chicken or beef, butter, salt. Boil the meat and twist, beat the eggs with milk and salt. Mix the meat with the egg and put in the oven for 10 minutes.

Vegetables in a pot

The recipe for a dish after removal of the gallbladder is allowed after six months of rehabilitation. Required: 80 g of carrots, 50 g of zucchini and potatoes, 1 tbsp. l. olive or sunflower oil, 2 tbsp. l. low-fat sour cream, chopped dill, salt. Preparation: peel the vegetables, simmer the carrots in oil, boil the zucchini and potatoes until fully cooked; lay out layers in a pot: potatoes, carrots, zucchini; dilute sour cream with water and pour over vegetables. Salt. Send to the oven until ready.

Carrot-honey salad with raisins

This delicious dish is allowed after 2 months of rehabilitation. In some cases, it is provided by the diet one month after the operation. For cooking you need:

  • 100 fresh carrots;
  • 10 grams of raisins;
  • 15 grams of honey.

Grate the vegetable, pour the washed raisins to it. Drizzle with honey and garnish with lemon wedges.

financial question

A lot of people worry about the financial cost of a new diet. But nutrition after laparoscopy of the gallbladder will cost even less than the cost of many familiar products.

On average, the cost of products designed for a week for 1 person does not exceed 1,500 rubles.

Diet after gallbladder surgery is a type of postoperative rehabilitation therapy. This is confirmed by numerous reviews of patients who noted the positive dynamics of recovery. Healthy eating after surgery is observed for several months. But with a favorable course of recovery, the usual diet is allowed a month after the operation. Of course, infrequently and in small quantities